A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) is a device used for monitoring blood glucose on a continual basis by insulin-requiring people with diabetes, e.g. people with type I, type II diabetes, or other types of diabetes (e.g. gestational diabetes). A continuous glucose monitor consists of three parts: a small electrode placed under the skin, a transmitter sending readings at regular intervals (ranging from every 5 to 15 min), and a separate receiver. Currently approved CGMs use an enzymatic technology that reacts with glucose molecules in the interstitial fluid generating an electric current. This electric current (proportional to the glucose concentration) is then relayed from a transmitter attached to the sensor out to a reader which displays the data to the patient.
Orthotic devices, also called orthoses, are braces that help support weakened muscles while walking. They also enhance comfort and help slow the progress of contractures (tightened muscles or tendons that become shorter over time).
Orthotic devices can be worn at any time of the day or night. The use of a specific orthotic device depends on the patient’s type of muscular dystrophy and the muscles affected.